1. 공개자료 교환실
  2. 정회원 자료실

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 1999/22/EC

of 29 March 1999

relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 130s(1) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee(1),

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 189c of the Treaty(2),

Whereas Council Regulation (EEC) No 338/97 of 9 December 1996 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein(3) requires evidence of the availability of adequate facilities for the accomodation and care of live specimens of a great many species before their importation into the Community is authorised; whereas that Regulation prohibits the display to the public for commercial purposes of specimens of species listed in Annex A thereof unless a specific exemption was granted for education, research or breeding purposes;

Whereas Council Directive 79/409/EEC of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds(4), and Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora(5), prohibit the capture and keeping of and trade in a great number of species, whilst providing for exemptions for specific reasons, such as research and education, repopulation, reintroduction and breeding;

Whereas the proper implementation of existing and future Community legislation on the conservation of wild fauna and the need to ensure that zoos adequately fulfil their important role in the conservation of species, public education, and/or scientific research make it necessary to provide a common basis for Member States' legislation with regard to the licensing and inspection of zoos, the keeping of animals in zoos, the training of staff and the education of the visiting public;

Whereas action at the Community level is required in order to have zoos throughout the Community contributing to the conservation of biodiversity in accordance with the Community's obligation to adopt measures for ex situ conservation under Article 9 of the Convention on Biological Diversity;

Whereas a number of organisations such as the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria have produced guidelines for the care and accomodation of animals in zoos which could, where appropriate, assist in the development and adoption of national standards,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

Aim

The objectives of this Directive are to protect wild fauna and to conserve biodiversity by providing for the adoption of measures by Member States for the licensing and inspection of zoos in the Community, thereby strengthening the role of zoos in the conservation of biodiversity.

Article 2

Definition

For the purpose of this Directive, "zoos" means all permanent establishments where animals of wild species are kept for exhibition to the public for 7 or more days a year, with the exception of circuses, pet shops and establishments which Member States exempt from the requirements of this Directive on the grounds that they do not exhibit a significant number of animals or species to the public and that the exemption will not jeopardise the objectives of this Directive.

Article 3

Requirements applicable to zoos

Member States shall take measures under Articles 4, 5, 6 and 7 to ensure all zoos implement the following conservation measures:

- participating in research from which conservation benefits accrue to the species, and/or training in relevant conservation skills, and/or the exchange of information relating to species conservation and/or, where appropriate, captive breeding, repopulation or reintroduction of species into the wild,

- promoting public education and awareness in relation to the conservation of biodiversity, particularly by providing information about the species exhibited and their natural habitats,

- accommodating their animals under conditions which aim to satisfy the biological and conservation requirements of the individual species, inter alia, by providing species specific enrichment of the enclosures; and maintaining a high standard of animal husbandry with a developed programme of preventive and curative veterinary care and nutrition,

- preventing the escape of animals in order to avoid possible ecological threats to indigenous species and preventing intrusion of outside pests and vermin,

- keeping of up-to-date records of the zoo's collection appropriate to the species recorded.

Article 4

Licensing and inspection

1. Member States shall adopt measures for licensing and inspection of existing and new zoos in order to ensure that the requirements of Article 3 are met.

2. Every zoo shall have a licence within four years after the entry into force of this Directive or, in the case of new zoos, before they are open to the public.

3. Each licence shall contain conditions to enforce the requirements of Article 3. Compliance with the conditions shall be monitored inter alia by means of regular inspection and appropriate steps shall be taken to ensure such compliance.

4. Before granting, refusing, extending the period of, or significantly amending a licence, an inspection by Member States' competent authorities shall be carried out in order to determine whether or not the licensing conditions or proposed licensing conditions are met.

5. If the zoo is not licensed in accordance with this Directive or the licensing conditions are not met, the zoo or part thereof:

(a) shall be closed to the public by the competent authority; and/or

(b) shall comply with appropriate requirements imposed by the competent authority to ensure that the licensing conditions are met.

Should these requirements not be complied with within an appropriate period to be determined by the competent authorities but not exceeding two years, the competent authority shall withdraw or modify the licence and close the zoo or part thereof.

Article 5

Licensing requirements set out in Article 4 shall not apply where a Member State can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Commission that the objective of this Directive as set out in Article 1 and the requirements applicable to zoos set out in Article 3 are being met and continously maintained by means of a system or regulation and registration. Such a system should, inter alia, contain provisions regarding inspection and closure of zoos equivalent to those in Article 4(4) and (5).

Article 6

Closure of zoos

In the event of a zoo or part thereof being closed, the competent authority shall ensure that the animals concerned are treated or disposed of under conditions which the Member State deems appropriate and consistent with the purposes and provisions of this Directive.

Article 7

Competent authorities

Member States shall designate competent authorities for the purposes of this Directive.

Article 8

Penalties

Member States shall determine the penalties applicable to breaches of the national provisions adopted pursuant to this Directive. The penalties shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive.

Article 9

Implementation

1. Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this directive not later than 9 April 2002. They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof.

When Member States adopt these measures, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference on the occasion of their official publication. The methods of making such a reference shall be laid down by the Member States.

2. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 10

Entry in force

This Directive shall enter into force on the day of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

Article 11

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 29 March 1999.

For the Council

The President

F. MÜNTEFERING

(1) OJ C 204, 15.7.1996, p. 63.

(2) Opinion of the European Parliament of 29 January 1998. (OJ C 56, 23.2.1998, p. 34), Council Common Position of 20 July 1998 (OJ C 364, 25.11.1998, p. 9), and Decision of the European Parliament of 10 February 1999 (not yet published in the Official Journal).

(3) OJ L 61, 3.3.1997, p. 1. Regulation as last amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 2307/97 (OJ L 325, 27.11.1997, p. 1).

(4) OJ L 103, 25.4.1979, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Directive 97/49/EC (OJ L 223,. 13.8.1997, p. 9).

(5) OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 97/62/EC (OJ L 305, 8.11.1997, p. 42).

List of Articles
번호 제목 글쓴이 날짜 조회 수
공지 세월호 희생자를 애도합니다. imagefile 생명체간사 2014-05-14 17779
공지 서울시의 동물복지위원회 운영에 대해 의문을 제기합니다. file [1] 생명체간사 2013-08-27 28420
공지 강동구가 동물과 함께 살아갈 도시를 만들어주세요 imagefile 생명체 2013-08-01 32006
공지 강동구의 전향적인 동물보호조례제정을 환영합니다.(조례안 전문 포함) imagefile 생명체 간사 2013-07-07 34267
공지 제주특별자치도의 허술하고 위험한 동물조례안의 개선을 촉구합니다. imagefile 생명체간사 2013-05-30 37330
공지 (탄원서)거제 씨월드의 돌고래 수입을 단호히 반대합니다. imagefile [1] 생명체학대방지포럼 2013-05-01 36631
공지 대통령직 인수위원회에 바랍니다. 동물학대없는 나라를... imagefile 생명체간사 2013-01-24 42084
공지 Good Bye to Ms. Fusako Nogami, imagefile [1] 박창길 2013-01-17 23010
공지 2013년도 생명체학대방지포럼 전체 모임 공고 생명체 간사 2013-01-16 23471
공지 교육감 후보 동물교육정책 질의서 imagefile 생명체간사 2012-12-11 21885
공지 광주광역시 동물보호조례 전부개정조례안(통과안) file 생명체간사 2012-12-03 39765
공지 광주시의회에 동물조례안을 개선해달라는 여러분의 의견을 보내주십시요. imagefile 생명체간사 2012-11-28 19765
공지 안철수 진심캠프의 20대 동물현안에 대한 정책 답변서 imagefile 생명체 간사 2012-11-21 47222
공지 (공지) 문재인캠프의 동물정책 답변서 imagefile 생명체 간사 2012-11-06 43777
공지 동물을 위한 공약을 후보자 SNS를 통해 요구합니다 imagefile 생명체간사 2012-10-20 25790
공지 (보도자료) 제18대 대선후보 동물정책 촉구 서명운동 imagefile 생명체간사 2012-10-06 23736
공지 대선후보 동물정책질의서 imagefile [1] 생명체학대방지포럼 2012-09-08 24179
공지 조례개정을 위한 민원을 부탁합니다. 생명체간사 2012-08-31 24972
공지 정부의 '과학포경'에 반대하는 행사안내 image 미키 2012-07-16 18397
공지 서울시 조례안( 시민단체안 초안) file [1] 생명체 간사 2012-06-19 20571
공지 서울시 조례제정 진행상황 imagefile [2] 생명체간사 2012-05-30 25120
공지 서울시가 전향적인 동물조례를 만들어주십시요. file [12] [73] 생명체간사 2012-05-07 61346
공지 서울시 동물조례입법예고 file 생명체간사 2012-04-13 19588
공지 적극적인 동물보호 의견을 개진하는 지역구 후보님들 imagefile 생명체학대방지포럼 2012-04-11 20732
공지 국민생각 비례대표 이면우후보님의 답변서 생명체학대방지포럼 2012-04-10 17288
공지 녹색당 장정화후보님의 답변서 생명체학대방지포럼 2012-04-10 17581
공지 진보신당 홍세화대표님의 답변서 생명체학대방지포럼 2012-04-10 18118
공지 새누리당 민병주 비례대표님의 견해 imagefile 생명체 2012-04-10 22404
공지 노회찬후보의 동물보호정책 imagefile 생명체 2012-04-10 20109
공지 정동영후보의 생명관 imagefile 생명체학대방지포럼 2012-04-09 24551
공지 이부영(강동갑)후보 생명체학대방지포럼 2012-04-09 18448
공지 윤선진후보(대구서구)의 적극적인 동물보호공약 공지 생명체 2012-04-09 21850
공지 동물학대방지 4.11총선질의서 imagefile 생명체학대방지포럼 2012-03-25 21428
공지 4.11총선 동물보호정책질의서에 대한 안내 imagefile 생명체간사 2012-03-25 22847
공지 동물공약을 촉구하는 동물단체의 철장행사및 유명정치인 질의방문 imagefile 생명체간사 2012-03-23 21931
공지 유명 국회의원 후보자에게 동물공약을 촉구하는 서명 행사안내 imagefile 생명체간사 2012-03-16 20457
공지 동물복지를 외면하는 동물복지축산인증기준에 대한 성명서 생명체간사 2012-03-02 22121
공지 동물복지인증기준에 대한 의견조회 [1] 생명체 2012-02-20 26112
공지 정부 동물복지축산인증제도의 문제점과 의견서 생명체간사 2012-01-30 20047
공지 한우를 굶겨죽이는 관행을 중단하라. [1] 생명체 2012-01-09 25070
공지 일본 : 동물실험법 규제를 위한 서명입니다. 도와주세요! [2] 미키 2011-12-15 22335
공지 투견도박 금지를 위해 누구에게 무엇을 요구할 것인가? [1] [1] 동물지킴이 2011-11-21 24365
공지 동물보호법_시민샘플의견서 file [2] 생명체간사 2011-10-28 22884
공지 나경원 박원순 후보의 동물공약비교표 [1] 생명체간사 2011-10-26 22184
공지 도가니 사건으로 부터 동물단체회원은 무엇을 배울 수 있습니까? [1] 동물지킴이 2011-10-23 22518
공지 10.22일(토) 동물보호 공약을 촉구하는 동물인형놀이 한마당 윤창렬 2011-10-20 22109
공지 동물보호법 시행령 시행규칙 개정안 입법예고, 첨부파일 다운로드 file 윤창렬 2011-10-17 21691
공지 서울시장후보의 동물보호정책 촉구를 위한 1인 시위 안내 [1] 생명체 간사 2011-10-15 22712
공지 동물지킴이가 서울시장 후보자에 던지는 질의서 생명체간사 2011-10-07 22134
공지 제4회 동물복지포럼 동물실험지침안 발표회 8월 30일 생명체 간사 2011-08-25 22174
공지 2011년 개정 동물보호법에 대한 평가 [3] 생명체간사 2011-07-25 25658
공지 모피 패션쇼 저지및 시위예고 imagefile 생명체 간사 2011-06-01 28444
공지 (기자회견) 정부의 축산선진화 방안 유감 생명체간사 2011-05-08 22753
공지 정부의 5월 6일 TF과제 발표를 앞두고 생명체 간사 2011-05-05 23950
공지 동물구제를 요청하는 청원서 [2] 생명체 간사 2011-04-25 24444
공지 한국교회의 소중한 고백 생명체간사 2011-04-06 23773
공지 축산허가업체 계량평가점수중에 동물복지점수는 1점도 넣지 않아서 복지를 배제하였다 [6] 생명체 간사 2011-03-26 25732
공지 구제역 참사. 사회적 성찰과 실천적 대안 imagefile 생명체 간사 2011-03-17 27687
공지 힘내라 일본! [2] 생명체 간사 2011-03-14 28792
공지 구제역사태, 정부당국과 국민들께 드리는 호소문 생명체간사 2011-03-08 27466
공지 구제역 사태에 대한 교수 지식인 200인 호소기자회견 생명체간사 2011-03-08 26391
공지 이 참혹한기록에 항의합니다. [1] 생학방간사 2011-02-11 26363
공지 반생명문화에서 벗어나 생명 존중문화로 나아갑시다. 생명체간사 2011-02-08 27719
공지 (보도자료) 구제역중단을 촉구하는 시위및 항의방문 image [1] 생명체학대방지포럼 2010-12-24 25701
공지 보도자료 구제역 생매장 중단을 촉구하는 기자회견 [3] 생명체학대방지포럼 2010-12-12 26685
26 서울시 동물보호조례 관리자 2013-06-04 7222
25 전라남도 동물복지형 친환경녹색축산 육성 조례 관리자 2013-06-04 2936
24 구례군 동물복지형 친환경녹색축산조례 관리자 2013-06-04 3236
23 서울특별시 동물보호조례 생명체 간사 2013-05-30 2787
22 광주광역시 동물보호조례 생명체 2013-05-30 3786
21 강창일_동물보호법 개정안 생명체학대방지포럼 2013-01-28 3429
20 윤명희의원등_실험동물에 관한 법률 일부개정안 생명체학대방지포럼 2013-01-28 4308
19 김영록의원_동물보호법개정안 생명체간사 2013-01-28 2922
» 동물원동믈에 대한 유럽연합 지침 생명체 간사 2012-11-16 5735
17 성남시 유기동물 조치에 관한 조례 생명체간사 2012-10-16 3891
16 의정부 목영대후보 답변서 생명체 2012-04-14 2053
15 홍희덕후보의 답변서 생명체 2012-04-14 1803
14 유승우 당선자 답변서 imagefile 생명체학대방지포럼 2012-04-14 1909
13 홍사덕후보의 답변서 imagefile 생명체 간사 2012-04-14 2050
12 정태근후보(성북갑)의 답변서. 생명체간사 2012-04-09 2187
11 조순용 후보의 의견 생명체 2012-04-09 2017
10 서울시의원후보자 질의서 file 박창길 2012-04-07 2453
9 동물보호법안의 문제점 토론회 imagefile [3] 생학방 2010-08-24 6204